United States District Court, S.D. California
January 7, 2015
PATRICIA A. GREGORY, Plaintiff,
COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO; WILLIAM GORE, Sheriff; Counselor JENNIFER MONTIEL and DOES 1 through XX, inclusive, Defendants.
WILLIAM Q. HAYES, District Judge.
The matter before the Court is Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to File Third Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 35).
On April 29, 2013, Plaintiff Patricia A. Gregory, proceeding pro se, initiated this action by filing the Complaint. (ECF No. 1). On June 24, 2013, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss Plaintiff's complaint. (ECF No. 10). On October 15, 2013, the Court issued an Order granting Defendants' motion to dismiss. (ECF No. 16).
On January 21, 2014, Plaintiff filed a first amended complaint. (ECF No. 21). On February 2, 2014, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the first amended complaint. (ECF No. 22). On May 14, 2014, the Court issued an Order granting Defendants' motion to dismiss the first amended complaint. (ECF No. 25).
On July 28, 2014, Gregory filed a second am ended complaint. (ECF No. 30).
On July 31, 2014, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the second amended complaint. (ECF No. 31). On October 10, 2014, the Court issued an Order granting Defendants' motion to dismiss the second amended complaint without prejudice and "with leave to file a motion to file an amended complaint within thirty days of the date of this order."
On November 7, 2014, Plaintiff filed the Motion for Leave to File Third Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 35). On December 1, 2014, Defendants filed a response. (ECF No. 36). OnDecember 5, 2014, Plaintiff filed a reply. (ECF Nos. 37, 38).
CONTENTIONS OF PARTIES
Plaintiff contends that significant material changes are provided in the third amended complaint. (ECF No. 38 at 2). Plaintiff contends that she provides a new and supportable argument to address the issue of the Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994) bar. Id. at 3. Plaintiff contends that in the third am ended complaint Plaintiff clearly sets forth facts to support a claim that she was unable to file a habeas petition challenging her criminal conviction because of the closing of the law library. Id. at 4. Plaintiff further contends that Plaintiff contends that she provides extensive case law to support her claims and that the failures ofher attorneys were not properly addressed because Defendants blocked all access to the courts. Id. at 6. Plaintiff asserts that the "amendment could not possibly prejudice De fendants because the clai ms of the amended complaint arise out of the same actions and facts and circumstances as set forth in the original complaint." (ECF No. 35-1 at 6). Plaintiff asserts that she "has not added any additional exhibits and is still seeking the same amount of damages." Id. Plaintiff asserts that "[g]ranting  Plaintiff's motion to amend will not cause undue delay because Plaintiff timely filed this motion pursuant to the Co urt's order of submission within 30 days." Id. Plaintiff asserts that she" does not request leave to amend in bad faith or for dilatory reasons, " "[r]ather Plaintiff requests leave to amend in order to clarify and re-characterize moreaccurately the facts that are the basis for this claim." Id.
Defendants contend that leave to amend would be futile because Plaintiff has already amended twice and nothing material has changed. (ECF No. 36 at 1). Defendants contend that a comparison of the third amended complaint and the second amended complaint shows that Plaintiff's amendments restate her prior allegations and reiterate that her attorn eys were incompetent. Id. at 1-2. Defendants contend that Plaintiff's claim remains the same - that during her incarceration she was "denied access to the courts" because the lack of a law library caused Plaintiff to miss a deadline for filing a writ petition to the Supreme Court relating to her disbarment. Id.
Defendants further contend that Plaintiff's new allegation that she was prevented from seeking habeas relief challenging her criminal conviction is not plausible. Id. Defendants contend that Plaintiff had no grounds for seeking habeas relief because she plead guilty and her restitution hearing was held after she was released from custody while she was represented by counsel. Id.
RULING OF COURT
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15 mandates that leave to amend "be freely given when justice so requires." Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a). "This policy is to be applied with extreme liberality." Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2003) (quotation omitted). In determining whether to allow an amendment, a court considers whether there is "undue delay, ""bad faith, " "undue prejudice to the opposing party, " or "futility of amendment." Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962). "Not all of the [ Foman ] factors merit equal weight.... [I]t is the consideration of prejudice to the opposing party that carries the greatest weight." Eminence Capital, 316 F.3d at 1052 (citation omitted). "Absent prejudice, ora strong showing of any of the remaining Foman factors, there exists a presumption under Rule 15(a) in favor of granting leave to amend." Eminence Capital, 316 F.3d at 1052.
After review of the motion and the proposed third amended complaint, the Court will allow Plaintiff leave to amend. The Court finds thatconsideration of any challenge to the merits of the proposed third amended complaint should be deferred until after the amended pleading. See Netbula v. Distinct Corp., 212 F.R.D. 534, 539 (N.D. Cal. 2003) ("Ordinarily, courts will defer consideration of the challenges to the merits of a proposed amended pleading until after leave to amend is granted and the am ended pleading is filed.").
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion for Leave to File Third Amended Complaint is granted. (ECF No. 35). Plaintiff shall file the proposed third amended complaint attached to the motion within ten (10) days of the date of this Order.