United States District Court, C.D. California
CIVIL MINUTES - GENERAL
KENLY KIYA KATO, Magistrate Judge.
Proceedings: (In Chambers) Order To Show Cause Why This Action Should Not Be Dismissed as Untimely
A. The Instant Case
On September 28, 2014, Plaintiff Lance Williams, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, constructively filed a civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 ("Complaint"). The Complaint is one of four civil rights complaints Plaintiff has filed since September 23, 2014. See Case Nos. 2:14-cv-7583-GW-KK; 2:14-cv-8039-PA-KK, 2:14-8640-PA-KK. In the Complaint, Plaintiff sues a number of defendants for an assault that allegedly occurred on December 31, 2010. ECF No. 3 at 3.
On November 6, 2014, the Court dismissed the Complaint with leave to amend, noting that the Complaint did not allege sufficient facts against various defendants. On December 3, 2014, Plaintiff filed a First Amended Complaint. On December 12, 2014, the Court dismissed the First Amended Complaint with leave to amend, noting, once again, that Plaintiff did not allege sufficient facts against certain defendants. On December 26, 2014, Plaintiff filed a Second Amended Complaint ("SAC").
B. Plaintiff's Other Cases
In two of Plaintiff's other civil rights actions, the Court issued orders to show cause ("OSCs") why those actions should not be dismissed as untimely, since the actions were filed more than four years after the dates of the alleged wrongful acts, i.e., the dates of accrual. See Case No. 2:14-cv-7583-GW-KK, ECF No. 9; Case No. 2:14-cv-8640-PA-KK, ECF No. 5. At the time the OSCs were issued, the Court assumed Plaintiff had four years to file his claims: two years under section 1983's statute of limitations, and two years of tolling under California law for the "disability of imprisonment.' Case No. 2:14-cv-7583-GW-KK, ECF No. 9 at 2 (quoting Jones v. Blanas, 393 F.3d 918, 927 (9th Cir. 2004)). The Court assumed two years of tolling for the disability of imprisonment because it assumed (incorrectly) Plaintiff had been continuously incarcerated since the dates of accrual. See Jones, 393 F.3d at 928 ("[A]ctual, uninterrupted incarceration is the touchstone for applying California's tolling provision for the disability of imprisonment.") (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
In response to the OSCs, Plaintiff submitted declarations ("OSC Declarations") arguing he was entitled to equitable tolling. Within the OSC Declarations, Plaintiff admitted he was not incarcerated for approximately 16 months after the dates of accrual - specifically, from February 28, 2011, until August 4, 2011, and from "mid October 2012" until September 18, 2013. Case No. 2:14-cv-7583-GW-KK, ECF No. 12 at 3-4; Case No. 2:14-cv-8640-PA-KK, ECF No. 6 at 2-4. Consequently, Plaintiff was entitled to approximately 16 months less tolling than the Court assumed when it issued the OSCs. Thus, at most, erring on the side of caution, Plaintiff was entitled not to four years after the dates of accrual to file his claims, but to two years and nine months.
Ultimately, the Court issued a Report and Recommendation in both civil rights actions recommending dismissal for lack of timeliness. See Case No. 2:14-cv-7583-GW-KK, ECF No. 15; Case No. 2:14-cv-8640-PA-KK, ECF No. 8.
The Court was not able to review the OSC Declarations in the other cases until after the Court dismissed, with leave to amend, Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint in this case. In screening the SAC, the Court must acknowledge what the OSC Declarations reveal: Plaintiff was not continuously incarcerated, thus the Court incorrectly assumed Plaintiff had four years from the date of accrual to file this action. In reality, because of the significant gap in Plaintiff's incarceration after the date of accrual, Plaintiff had at most two years and nine months to file this action.
Plaintiff's claims in this case accrued on December 31, 2010. Plaintiff was required to file his claims, at latest, by October 1, 2013. Plaintiff did not file this action until September 28, 2014. ...