United States District Court, N.D. California, San Jose Division
SHERILYN J. MASSARO, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Defendant.
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S AND DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT AND REMANDING FOR FURTHER PROCEEDINGS
(Re: Docket Nos. 18, 21)
PAUL S. GREWAL, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Sherilyn J. Massaro suffers from a combination of physical and mental impairments, namely back pain, hand pain and difficulty concentrating and getting along with others. The Administrative Law Judge found severe impairments of degenerative disc disease, a history of carpal tunnel syndrome, status post cholecystectomy and post-traumatic stress disorder "established by the medical evidence and... caus[ing] significant limitations in the claimant's ability to perform basic work activities." But then the ALJ found insufficient evidence that these impairments were disabling for the purposes of employment as a janitor or agricultural worker. The ALJ based her decision primarily on the "controlling weight" of non-examining physicians and medical experts Julian Kovowitz, Walter Bell and Martha Goodrich, as she assigned "little weight" to treating physician Laura Vaughan. Because the ALJ applied improper legal standards by allocating inappropriate weights to the doctors, and her determination was not supported by substantial evidence, the court DENIES the Commissioner's cross-motion, GRANTS Massaro's motion for summary judgment and remands the case.
Through its administrative law judges, the Commissioner of Social Security evaluates claims using a sequential five-step evaluation process. In the first step, the ALJ must determine whether the claimant currently is engaged in substantial gainful activity, and if so, the claimant is not disabled and the claim is denied. If the claimant currently is not engaged in substantial gainful activity, the second step requires the ALJ to determine whether the claimant has a "severe" impairment or combination of impairments that significantly limits the claimant's ability to do basic work activities; if not, the ALJ finds the claimant "not disabled" and the claim is denied. If the claimant has a "severe" impairment or combination of impairments, the third step requires the ALJ to determine whether the impairment or combination of impairments meets or equals an impairment in the listing of impairments. If so, disability is conclusively presumed and benefits awarded.
If the claimant's impairment or combination of impairments does not meet or equal an impairment in the listing, the fourth step requires the ALJ to determine whether the claimant has sufficient "residual functional capacity" to perform his or her past work; if so, the claimant is not disabled and the ALJ denies the claim. It is the claimant's burden to prove that he or she is unable to perform past relevant work. If the claimant meets this burden, a prima facie case of disability is established. The Commissioner then bears the burden of establishing that the claimant can perform other substantial gainful work,  comprising the fifth and final step in the sequential analysis.
"Controlling weight" may only be accorded to the opinion of a "treating source." The concept of according "controlling weight" to a medical source's opinion is part of the regulations rather than case law, which explicate the assignment of weight to treating physicians as generally great, or controlling if warranted. "Generally, we give more weight to the opinion of a source who has examined you than to the opinion of a source who has not examined you"; and "[g]enerally, the longer a treating source has treated you and the more times you have been seen by a treating source, the more weight we will give to the source's medical opinion." An ALJ must adopt the opinion to which "controlling weight" is accorded.
Four and a half years ago Massaro filed a Title II application for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits, as well as a Title XVI application for supplemental security income. In both applications, Massaro claimed disability beginning December 14, 2009. The claims were denied initially, upon reconsideration, following a hearing,  and upon administrative appeal for review.
Massaro now requests that this court remand the case back to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings. The Commissioner requests that the court affirm the ALJ's decision.
The court has jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331. The parties further consented to the jurisdiction of the undersigned magistrate judge under 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a). The court finds this motion suitable for disposition on the papers in light of this court's local rules and this court's Procedural Order.
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), this court has the authority to review the Commissioner's decision denying Massaro her benefits. The Commissioner's decision will be disturbed only if it is not supported by substantial evidence or if it is based upon the application of improper legal standards. In this context, the term "substantial evidence" means "more than a scintilla but less than a preponderance-it is such relevant evidence a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support the conclusion." When determining whether substantial evidence exists to support the administrative record as a whole, the court must consider adverse as well as supporting evidence. Where evidence exists to support more than one rational interpretation, the court must defer to the decision of the ALJ. However, a non-examining physician cannot present substantial evidence unless corroborated. Further, "[i]f additional proceedings can remedy defects in the original administrative proceedings, a social security case should be remanded."
Pursuant to 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a) and 416.920(a), the ALJ conducted the sequential five-step evaluation process for determining whether an individual is disabled. At step one, she found Massaro had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since December 14, 2009 and met the insured status requirements through December 31, 2014. At step two, the ALJ found the "medical evidence" "established" that Massaro had the following severe impairments: degenerative disc disease, a history of carpal tunnel syndrome, status post cholecystectomy and post-traumatic stress disorder.
At step three, the ALJ found Massaro did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that meets or medically equals one of the listed impairments. Based on the testimony of Massaro and non-examining physician Kivowitz, the ALJ found that Massaro had mild restriction in activities of daily living and concentration, moderate difficulties in social functioning and one episode of decompensation. This did not reach the requirement of marked limitation in at least two of those categories. The ALJ ...