United States District Court, S.D. California
GORDON THOMPSON, Jr., District Judge.
On April 2, 2013, Petitioner, Migual Hernandez-Jimenez ("Mr. Hernandez"), filed a Motion to Modify Sentence, presumably pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Mr. Hernandez requests a two level downward departure based on his status as a deportable alien, which Mr. Hemandez asserts "should have been considered as a mitigating factor" at his sentencing. The Court has fully considered this matter, including a review of Mr. Hemandez's brief filed, the authorities cited therein and the arguments presented. For the reasons stated below, Mr. Hemandez's Motion to Modify Sentence is DENIED.
First, Mr. Hernandez pled guilty, pursuant to a written plea agreement, to one count of illegal Removed Alien Found in the United States, in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) and (b). In the written plea agreement, Mr. Hernandez explicitly waived his right to appeal and/or collaterally attack his conviction or sentence. The Ninth Circuit has long acknowledged that the terms of a plea agreement are enforceable. See, United States v. Baramdyka, 95 F.3d 840, 843 (9th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 117 S.Ct. 1282 (1997). Since Mr. Hernandez expressly waived his statutory right to appeal or collaterally attack his sentence in his plea agreement, Mr. Hernandez is now precluded from challenging that sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. See, United States v. Abarca, 985 F.2d 1012, 1014 (9th Cir. 1993) (holding that a knowing and voluntary waiver of a statutory right is enforceable).
Moreover, even if Mr. Hernandez had not expressly waived his right to appeal or collaterally attack his sentence, his petition would still fail. In essence, Mr. Hernandez argues that because of his status as a deportable alien, he is "ineligible for pre-release custody and minimum security confinement." Mr. Hernandez argues that the Court should grant him a two level downward departure because of his status. However, Mr. Hernandez's argument that the Court should depart downward because he is a deportable alien is precluded by statute and current Ninth Circuit case law. By statute, the Court may depart downward only if there are "aggravating or mitigating circumstances... not adequately taken into consideration by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3553(b). Specifically, the Ninth Circuit has held that the threat of deportation is not a factor that the district court may consider for sentencing purposes. United States v. Alvarez-Cardenas, 902 F.2d 734, 737 (9th Cir. 1990). Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED that Mr. Hernandez's Motion to Modify ...