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Garcia v. Beard

United States District Court, E.D. California

January 9, 2015

FELIPE GARCIA, Plaintiff,
v.
JEFFREY A. BEARD, et al., Defendants.

ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF, FOR LACK OF JURISDICTION (Doc. 13.)

GARY S. AUSTIN, Magistrate Judge.

I. BACKGROUND

Felipe Garcia ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983. Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action on April 28, 2014. (Doc. 1.) On August 6, 2014, Plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunctive relief. (Doc. 13.)

II. PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF

The purpose of a preliminary injunction is to preserve the status quo if the balance of equities so heavily favors the moving party that justice requires the court to intervene to secure the positions until the merits of the action are ultimately determined. University of Texas v. Camenisch, 451 U.S. 390, 395 (1981). A preliminary injunction is available to a plaintiff who "demonstrates either (1) a combination of probable success and the possibility of irreparable harm, or (2) that serious questions are raised and the balance of hardship tips in its favor." Arcamuzi v. Continental Air Lines, Inc., 819 F.2d 935, 937 (9th Cir. 1987). Under either approach the plaintiff "must demonstrate a significant threat of irreparable injury." Id . Also, an injunction should not issue if the plaintiff "shows no chance of success on the merits." Id . At a bare minimum, the plaintiff "must demonstrate a fair chance of success of the merits, or questions serious enough to require litigation." Id.

Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, and as a preliminary matter, the court must have before it an actual case or controversy. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 102, 103 S.Ct. 1660, 1665 (1983); Valley Forge Christian Coll. v. Ams. United for Separation of Church and State, Inc., 454 U.S. 464, 471, 102 S.Ct. 752, 757-58 (1982); Jones v. City of Los Angeles, 444 F.3d 1118, 1126 (9th Cir. 2006). If the court does not have an actual case or controversy before it, it has no power to hear the matter in question. Id . Thus, "[a] federal court may issue an injunction [only] if it has personal jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter jurisdiction over the claim; it may not attempt to determine the rights of persons not before the court." Zepeda v. United States Immigration Service, 753 F.2d 719, 727 (9th Cir. 1985).

Discussion

Plaintiff is presently incarcerated at California State Prison-Corcoran (CSP-COR) in Corcoran, California. Plaintiff seeks a court order prohibiting prison officials at CSP-COR from housing him in a particular housing unit, denying him access to the prison law library and legal resources, retaliating against him, threatening him, and making false accusations against him. However, the events at issue in Plaintiff's Complaint allegedly occurred in 2013 and 2014 at the California Correctional Institution in Tehachapi, California, when Plaintiff was incarcerated there. The order Plaintiff seeks would require present actions by persons who are not defendants in this action and would not remedy any of the claims upon which this action proceeds. Therefore, the court lacks jurisdiction to issue the order sought by Plaintiff, and Plaintiff's motion must be denied.

III. CONCLUSION

Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunctive relief, filed on August 6, 2014, is DENIED.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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