United States District Court, S.D. California
ORDER DISMISSING CIVIL ACTION WITHOUT PREJUDICE FOR FAILING TO PAY FILING FEE REQUIRED BY 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a) AND/OR FAILING TO MOVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)
LARRY ALAN BURNS, District Judge.
Joseph Anthony Hill ("Plaintiff"), currently detained at George Bailey Detention Facility in San Diego, California, and proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights complaint ("Compl.") pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Doc. No. 1).
Plaintiff claims to have been shot during the course of his arrest on December 28, 2013, and seeks injunctive relief and unspecified amounts of general and punitive damages against the San Diego County Sheriff, the Sheriff's Department Medical Services Division, its Chief Medical Officer, and the University of California San Diego Medical Center, based on claims that they have acted with deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs by delaying necessary surgeries and physical therapy while he has been in their custody. As a result, Plaintiff claims to have suffered nerve and muscle damage for more than a year, and now "cannot move [his] arm at all." See Compl. at 2-5.
I. Failure to Pay Filing Fee or Request IFP Status
All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of $400. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). At the time of filing, Plaintiff submitted a check for $350 in order to pay the filing fees required by § 1914(a). That check must be returned to him as insufficient, however, because all parties filing civil actions on or after May 1, 2013, are required, in addition to the $350 statutory fee, to also pay an administrative fee of $50. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a) (Judicial Conference Schedule of Fees, District Court Misc. Fee Schedule) (eff. May 1, 2013).
An action may proceed despite a plaintiff's failure to prepay the entire $400 fee only if he is granted leave to proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1051 (9th Cir. 2007); Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999). However, if the Plaintiff is a prisoner and he is granted leave to proceed IFP,  he nevertheless remains obligated to pay the entire fee in "increments, " see Williams v. Paramo, ___ F.3d ___, 2015 WL 74144 at *1 (9th Cir. 2015), regardless of whether his action is ultimately dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1) & (2); Taylor v. Delatoore, 281 F.3d 844, 847 (9th Cir. 2002).
Because Plaintiff has neither prepaid the full $400 in filing and administrative fees required to commence a civil action, nor submitted a properly supported Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), this civil case cannot yet proceed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a); Andrews, 493 F.3d at 1051.
II. Conclusion and Order
For the reasons set forth above, the Court hereby:
(1) DISMISSES this action sua sponte without prejudice for failing to pay the full $400 civil filing and administrative fee or submit a Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1914(a) and 1915(a);
(2) GRANTS Plaintiff forty five (45) days leave from the date this Order is filed to: (a) prepay the entire $400 civil filing and administrative fee in full; or (b) complete and file a Motion to Proceed IFP, which includes a certified copy of his trust account statement for the 6-month period preceding the filing of his Complaint.  See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2); S.D. CAL. CIVLR 3.2(b); and
(3) ORDERS the Clerk of the Court to return Plaintiff's $350 money order as insufficient, and to also provide him with this Court's approved form "Motion and Declaration in Support of Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. " If Plaintiff fails to either prepay the full $400 civil and administrative filing fee required by 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a), or complete and submit the enclosed Motion to Proceed IFP within 45 days, this action will remain dismissed ...