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Heilman v. Cherniss

United States District Court, E.D. California

February 26, 2015

C. CHERNISS, et al., Defendants.


EDMUND F. BRENNAN, Magistrate Judge.

Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel in an action brought under 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983. The matter is currently set for trial before the district judge on March 23, 2015. Plaintiff has submitted a flurry of motions requesting that the court issue orders pertaining to many diverse issues. ECF Nos. 115, 116, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, & 128. Plaintiff's motions will be denied for the reasons provided below. Additionally, defense counsel has submitted a declaration regarding plaintiff's proposed incarcerated trial witnesses, requesting that the court quash the writs of habeas corpus ad testificandum that have issued for these individuals. ECF No. 136. The court will direct plaintiff to file a response to the allegations contained in the declaration, as provided below.

I. Motions Regarding Service of Trial Subpoena on L. Lesane

Plaintiff has filed a number of motions asking for the court's assistance in obtaining the information and documents so that he could comply with the court's requirements for effecting service by the U.S. Marshal on trial witness L. Lesane. ECF Nos. 115, 116, 117, 122, & 124. These motions are moot in light of plaintiff's submission of the necessary items to the Marshal and this court's order directing the Marshal to serve L. Lesane. ECF No. 137. The motions will accordingly be denied.

II. Motions Regarding Accommodations During Trial

Plaintiff seeks a court order directing various individuals to provide him with certain items or accommodations for trial. ECF Nos. 125, 126, 127, & 128. Specifically, plaintiff would like the court to order:

1. the U.S. Marshal (instead of CDCR) to transport plaintiff to Sacramento (ECF No. 125);
2. to be transported to Sacramento no more than two days prior to trial and transported back to his institution no more than two days after trial concludes ( id. );
3. CDCR to allow plaintiff to bring to trial soap, toothbrush and paste, underclothes, socks, a bowl, a cup, a spoon, a jar of coffee, 10 instant soups, 10 peanut butter packets, one bag of cereal, 10 meat packs, 10 candy bars, 8-10 manila folders, paper, two ink pens, and two legal books (ECF No. 128);

4. the Federal Defender's Office to provide plaintiff with street clothes to wear at trial and that the jury not be permitted to view plaintiff in his prison clothes (ECF No. 127);

5. CDCR be required to house plaintiff during trial at the "federal facility" in Sacramento, not in any administrative segregation, and with access to a phone, daily showers, his legal materials, and a law library (ECF No. 126).

Plaintiff's requests for court intervention against persons who are not parties to this case are governed by The All Writs Act. That Act gives federal courts the authority to issue "all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions and agreeable to the usages and principles of law." 28 U.S.C. 1651(a). It is meant to aid the court in the exercise and preservation of its jurisdiction. Plum Creek Lumber Co. v. Hutton, 608 F.2d 1283, 1289 (9th Cir. 1979). The United States Supreme Court has authorized the use of the All Writs Act in appropriate circumstances against persons who, "though not parties to the original action or engaged in wrongdoing, are in a position to frustrate the implementation of a court order or the proper administration of justice." United States v. N.Y. Tel. Co., 434 U.S. 159 (1977).

To obtain an order under the All Writs Act, the requested order must be "necessary." This language requires that the relief requested is not available through some alternative means. Clinton v. Goldsmith, 526 U.S. 529 (1999). Plaintiff has not shown that the items and accommodations he requests are necessary. Plaintiff speculates that the transport and accommodations that CDCR will provide will be inadequate, but provides no reason why the court should accept that speculation as fact. The Federal Defender's Office has no involvement in this case, and the court lacks authority to order that entity to provide plaintiff with clothing. If plaintiff lacks sufficient access to hygiene items or legal materials when he has been brought to Sacramento for trial, plaintiff may inform the trial judge and seek relief at ...

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