United States District Court, C.D. California, Western Division
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
PHILIP S. GUTIERREZ, District Judge.
On March 12, 2015, Olga Martinez (hereinafter referred to as "Petitioner") filed a "Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody" in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. On February 6, 2014, in the Ventura County Superior Court, Petitioner was convicted by a jury of violating California Penal Code §§ 273a(a) and 273d(a). On March 6, 2014, Petitioner was sentenced to twelve years in state prison. (See Petition at 2.)
It appears conclusively from the face of the Petition that state remedies have not been fully exhausted. Petitioner alleges a direct appeal was filed in the California Court of Appeal, Case No. B255599, which is pending. (See Petition at 2-3, attached pages.) There is no indication in the Petition whatsoever that the California Supreme Court has been given an opportunity to rule on Petitioner's contentions. (See Petition at 3, 5-7.)
Federal habeas petitioners challenging the legality of custody pursuant to a state court judgment must first exhaust any remedies available in the state courts, unless circumstances exist which make such remedies ineffective. (28 U.S.C. §2254(b)(1)) This exhaustion requirement is not met if a petitioner has the right, under state law, to raise the claims presented in any available state procedure. (28 U.S.C. §2254(c).) The exhaustion requirement is designed to protect the role of the state courts in the enforcement of federal law and to prevent disruption of state judicial proceedings. Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518 (1982). Exhaustion requires that the prisoner's contentions be fairly presented to the highest court of the state. Libberton v. Ryan, 583 F.3d 1147, 1164 (9th Cir. 2009), cert. denied, 130 S.Ct. 3412 (2010). "For reasons of federalism, 28 U.S.C. §2254 requires federal courts to give the states an initial opportunity to correct alleged violations of its prisoners' federal rights." Kellotat v. Cupp, 719 F.2d 1027, 1029 (9th Cir. 1983).
A petitioner has exhausted state remedies if he has fairly presented each and every one of his federal claims to the highest state court with the jurisdiction to consider them. Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995) (per curiam), citing Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275 (1971); Harmon v. Ryan, 959 F.2d 1457, 1460 (9th Cir. 1992). A claim has not been fairly presented unless the prisoner has described in the state court proceedings both the operative facts and the federal legal theory on which his claim is based. See Anderson v. Harless, 459 U.S. 4, 6 (1982); Pappageorge v. Sumner, 688 F.2d 1294 ...