United States District Court, N.D. California
ORDER OF SERVICE; DIRECTING DEFENDANT TO FILE DISPOSITIVE MOTION OR NOTICE REGARDING SUCH MOTION
LUCY H. KOH, District Judge.
Plaintiff, a California state prisoner proceeding pro se, filed this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis in a separate order. For the reasons stated below, the court orders service upon the defendant.
A. Standard of Review
A federal court must conduct a preliminary screening in any case in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). In its review, the court must identify any cognizable claims and dismiss any claims that are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted or seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(l), (2). Prose pleadings must, however, be liberally construed. See Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't., 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1988).
To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. See West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988).
B. Legal Claims
Plaintiff alleges that, while housed at Salinas Valley State Prison, plaintiff was taken to the medical clinic in a wheelchair because his leg had swelled to at least two times its normal size. Defendant RN Fortin asked plaintiff what was wrong. Plaintiff showed RN Fortin his leg, and RN Fortin asked, "Have you been drinking?" After plaintiff responded that he had not been drinking, RN Fortin responded, "I smell alcohol on you. I'm not treating you. Get out." Plaintiff claims that he then waited for almost 12 hours before he was taken to be seen by a doctor, who put plaintiff on oral antibiotics and returned plaintiff to his cell. After another six hours had passed, plaintiffs cellmate called "mandown." Plaintiff was taken to Natividad Hospital, and then the Community Hospital of Monterey Peninsula where plaintiff spent 22 days and underwent five surgeries to save his leg and his life.
Liberally construed, plaintiff has stated a cognizable claim for relief against RN Fortin.
Plaintiff also lists "Doe" defendants. Although the use of "John Doe" to identify a defendant is not favored in the Ninth Circuit, see Gillespie v. Civiletti, 629 F.2d 637, 642 (9th Cir. 1980), situations may arise where the identity of alleged defendants cannot be known prior to the filing of a complaint. In such circumstances, the plaintiff should be given an opportunity through discovery to identify the unknown defendants, unless it is clear that discovery would not uncover their identities or that the complaint should be dismissed on other grounds. See id. Thus, Doe defendants are DISMISSED without prejudice. However, should plaintiff discover the identities of the Doe defendants, he may move to amend his complaint to include them in this action at a later date.
1. Doe defendants are DISMISSED without prejudice.
2. The clerk of the court shall mail a Notice ofLawsuit and Request for Waiver of Service of Summons, two copies of the Waiver of Service of Summons, a copy of the complaint and all attachments thereto (docket no. 1), and a copy ofthis order to RN Fortin at Salinas Valley State Prison. The clerk of the court shall also mail a courtesy copy of the complaint and a copy of this order to the California Attorney General's Office. Additionally, the clerk shall mail a copy of this order to plaintiff.
3. Defendant is cautioned that Rule 4 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure requires her to cooperate in saving unnecessary costs of service of the summons and complaint. Pursuant to Rule 4, if defendant, after being notified of this action and asked by the court, on behalf of plaintiff, to waive service of the summons, fails to do so, she will be required to bear the cost of such service unless good cause be shown for her failure to sign and return the waiver form. If service is waived, this action will proceed as if defendant had been served on the date that the waiver is filed, and defendant will not be required to serve and file an answer before sixty (60) days from the date on which the request for waiver was sent. Defendant is asked to read the statement set forth at the bottom of the waiver form that more completely describes the duties of the parties with regard to waiver of service of the summons. If service is waived after the date ...