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Martir v. Lizarraga

United States District Court, N.D. California

May 19, 2015

MANUEL MARTIR, Petitioner,
v.
A. LIZARRAGA, Warden, Respondent.

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE; GRANTING LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS Re: Dkt. No. 2

HAYWOOD S. GILLIAM, Jr., District Judge.

INTRODUCTION

Petitioner, an inmate at Mule Creek State Prison in Ione, California, filed this pro se action seeking a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. His petition is now before the Court for review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243 and Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts. Petitioner also seeks to proceed in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915.

BACKGROUND

The petition and attachments thereto provide the following information: In 2012, in San Francisco County Superior Court, petitioner was convicted by a jury of sexual assault. He was sentenced to 24 years to life in state prison. In 2014, the California Court of Appeal affirmed the judgment, and the California Supreme Court denied review. Petitioner did not seek habeas relief in state court. The instant action was filed on March 2, 2015.

DISCUSSION

A. Standard of Review

This Court may entertain a petition for writ of habeas corpus "in behalf of a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a). A district court considering an application for a writ of habeas corpus shall "award the writ or issue an order directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or person detained is not entitled thereto." 28 U.S.C. § 2243. Summary dismissal is appropriate only where the allegations in the petition are vague or conclusory, palpably incredible, or patently frivolous or false. See Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d 490, 491 (9th Cir. 1990).

B. Claims

As grounds for federal habeas relief, petitioner claims that: (1) the trial court erred in admitting at trial the victim's preliminary hearing testimony; and (2) the trial court erred in admitting at the trial the victim's statements to a nurse made during a sexual assault examination. Liberally construed, the claims appear arguably cognizable under § 2254 and merit an answer from respondent. See Zichko v. Idaho, 247 F.3d 1015, 1020 (9th Cir. 2001) (federal courts must construe pro se petitions for writs of habeas corpus liberally).

CONCLUSION

For the foregoing reasons and for good cause shown,

1. Petitioner's in forma pauperis application (Dkt. 2) is GRANTED.

2. The Clerk shall mail a copy of this order and the petition with all attachments to the respondent and the respondent's attorney, the Attorney General of the State of California. The Clerk ...


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