United States District Court, S.D. California
JAMES W. BRADY and PATRICIA M. BRADY, Plaintiffs,
GRENDENE USA, INC., a Delaware Corporation, and GRENDENE S.A., a Brazil Corporation, Defendants. AND RELATED COUNTERCLAIMS
ORDER: (1) GRANTING DEFENDANTS' EX PARTE MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION; [ECF No. 234] (2)
GONZALO P. CURIEL, District Judge.
Before the Court is Defendants Grendene USA, Inc. and Grendene S.A.'s (collectively, "Grendene") Ex Parte Motion for Reconsideration. (ECF No. 234.) Plaintiffs James W. Brady and Patricia M. Brady (collectively, the "Bradys") oppose. (ECF No. 244.) Grendene has filed a reply. (ECF No. 246.) Grendene seeks reconsideration of this Court's April 29, 2015 Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part the Bradys' Motion for Contempt and to Declare Defendants Vexatious Litigants (the "Contempt Order"), (ECF No. 225). (ECF No. 234.) The relevant background is contained in the Contempt Order. (ECF No. 225, at 2-3.) Upon review of the admissible evidence, and applicable law, the Court GRANTS Grendene's motion for reconsideration and MODIFIES the Contempt Order as discussed below.
II. LEGAL STANDARD
Under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 59 and 60, federal district courts may reconsider final orders to correct "manifest errors of law." Turner v. Burlington N. Sante Fe R.R., 338 F.3d 1058, 1063 (9th Cir. 2003). Generally, parties must show either: (1) an intervening change in the law; (2) additional evidence that was not previously available; or (3) that the prior decision was based on clear error or would work manifest injustice. Marlyn Natraceuticals, Inc. v. Mucos Pharma GmbH & Co., 571 F.3d 873, 880 (9th Cir. 2009); Sch. Dist. No. 1J v. ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1263 (9th Cir. 1993); Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians v. Hodel, 882 F.2d 364, 369 n.5 (9th Cir. 1989).
Reconsideration is an "extraordinary remedy, to be used sparingly in the interests of finality and conservation of judicial resources." Kona Enters., Inc. v. Estate of Bishop, 229 F.3d 877, 890 (9th Cir. 2000). "A motion for reconsideration is not an opportunity to renew arguments considered and rejected by the court, nor is it an opportunity for a party to re-argue a motion because it is dissatisfied with the original outcome.'" Fed. Trade Comm'n v. Neovi, Inc., No. 06-cv-1952-JLS-JMA, 2009 WL 56130, at *2 (S.D. Cal. Jan. 7, 2009) (quoting Devinsky v. Kingsford, No. 05-cv-2064-PAC, 2008 WL 2704338, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. July 10, 2008)).
In addition to these substantive standards, Civil Local Rule 7.1.i.1 requires a party moving for reconsideration to submit an affidavit or certified statement of an attorney:
setting forth the material facts and circumstances surrounding each prior application, including inter alia: (1) when and to what judge the application was made, (2) what ruling or decision or order was made thereon, and (3) what new or different facts and circumstances are claimed to exist which did not exist, or were not shown, upon such prior application.
CivLR 7.1.i.1. Civil Local Rule 7.1.i.2 provides that "any motion or application for reconsideration must be filed within twenty-eight (28) days after the entry of the ruling, order or judgment sought to be reconsidered." CivLR 7.1.i.2.
In the Ninth Circuit, the moving party has the initial burden to show "by clear and convincing evidence that the contemnors violated a specific and definite order of the court." In re Bennett, 298 F.3d 1059, 1069 (9th Cir. 2002) (citation and quotation marks omitted). Once the moving party has satisfied its burden, the "burden then shifts to the contemnors to demonstrate why they were unable to comply." Id. (citation and quotation marks omitted). Generally, a violation is found where a party fails "to take all reasonable steps within the party's power to comply" with a court order. Reno Air Racing Ass'n., Inc. v. McCord, 452 F.3d 1126, 1130 (9th Cir. 2006) (citation and quotation marks omitted). However, good faith actions based on reasonable interpretations of a court order are a defense to civil contempt. Id. (citation and quotation marks omitted).
The Court finds that there is additional evidence to be considered and thus GRANTS Grendene's motion to reconsider the Contempt Order. However, the Court still finds that there have been violations of the Protective Order. That said, the Court does ...