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Quezada v. Long

United States District Court, C.D. California

July 8, 2016

ALVARO QUEZADA, Plaintiff,
v.
D.B. LONG Warden and N. MCDOWELL Warden, successor, Defendants.

          ORDER ADOPTING THE REPORT & RECOMMENDATION; DISMISSING SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT WITHOUT PREJUDICE; PERMITTING PLAINTIFF TO FILE THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT BY FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 2016

          Valerie Baker Fairbank Senior United States District Judge

         This is an action for a Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section 2254. Pursuant to her authority under Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(1), title 28 U.S.C. section 636(b)(1)(B), and C.D. Cal. Local Civil Rule 72-3.3, the United States Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") on May 2, 2016. See Case Management / Electronic Case Filing System Document ("Doc") Doc 58. The R&R recommends that the second amended complaint be dismissed without prejudice for failure to state a claim on which relief could be granted, and that plaintiff be granted leave to further amend the complaint by a date certain.

         Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), the Court has reviewed the second amended complaint (Doc 66), the Magistrate Judge's R&R (Doc 58), and the applicable law.

         Plaintiff has not filed written objections to the R&R within the time allotted by our Local Civil Rule 72-3.4[1], nor has he sought an extension of the objection deadline. Accordingly, the Court proceeds to the issues without waiting further.

         By its terms, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b)(3) requires a District Judge to conduct de novo review only of those portions of an R&R to which a party has filed timely specific objection. See, e.g., Rael v. Foulk, No. LA CV 14-02987 Doc. 47, 2015 WL 4111295, *1 (C.D. Cal. July 7, 2015) (Fairbank, J.) ("As required by Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3), the Court has engaged in de novo review of the portions of the R&R to which petitioner has specifically objected . . . ."), COA denied, No. LA CV 14-02987 Doc. 53, Appeal No. 15-56205 (9th Cir. Feb. 18, 2016).

         Conversely, the Ninth Circuit has held that absent a timely objection purporting to identify specific defects in the R&R, the District Judge has no obligation to review the R&R at all. See Beard v. Nooth, 2013 WL 3934188, *1 (D. Or. July 30, 2013) ("For those portions of a magistrate's findings and recommendations to which neither party has objected, the [Federal Magistrates] Act does not prescribe any standard of review.") (citing Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 152, 106 S.Ct. 466, 473 (1985) ("There is no indication that Congress, in enacting [the Federal Magistrates Act], intended to require a district judge to review a magistrate's report.[.]") and United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9thCir. 2003) (en banc) (district judge must review a magistrate's findings and recommendations de novo if objections are made, "but not otherwise")); see, e.g., Herring v. Maricopa County Sheriff's Office, 2016 WL 2754851, *1 (D. Ariz. May 12, 2016) (Campbell, J.) ("No objection has been filed, which relieves the Court of its obligation to review the R&R.") (citing, inter alia, Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d at 1121, and Thomas, 474 U.S. at 149); Hussak v. Ryan, 2016 WL 2606993, *1 (D. Ariz. May 6, 2016) (Rayes, J.) (same).[2]

         "Nonetheless, the Magistrates Act does not preclude a district judge from reviewing an R&R to make sure that it recommends a legally permissible and appropriate outcome (based on sound reasoning and valid precedent) if she chooses to do so." Juarez v. Katavich, 2016 WL 2908238, *2 (C.D. Cal. May 17, 2016) (Fairbank, J.) (citing Beard, 2013 WL 3934188 at *1 (although in the absence of objections no review is required, the Magistrates Act "‘does not preclude further review by the district judge[] sua sponte . . . under a de novo or any other standard") (quoting Thomas, 474 U.S. at 154)). "‘Indeed, the Advisory Committee Notes to Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b) recommend that [w]hen no timely objection is filed, the Court review the magistrate's recommendations for clear error on the face of the record.'" Juarez, 2016 WL 2908238 at *2 (quoting Beard, 2013 WL 3934188 at *1 (internal quotation marks omitted)).

         Out of an abundance of caution, then, the Court has reviewed the R&R. On either clear-error or de novo review, the Court finds no defect of law, fact, or logic in the R&R. Therefore the Court will adopt the R&R and implement its recommendations.

         ORDER

         The Report and Recommendation is ADOPTED. The Second Amended Complaint [Doc #66] is DISMISSED without prejudice.

         No later than Friday, August 19, 2016, plaintiff MAY FILE a Third Amended Complaint that rectifies the deficiencies identified in the Report and Recommendation.

         If plaintiff fails to file a Third Amended Complaint by that deadline, the Court will convert the dismissal of his action from "without prejudice" to "with prejudice" on Friday, September 2, 2016 without further opportunity for objection or argument.

         The Court will not enter ...


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