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Navas v. City of Los Angeles

United States District Court, C.D. California

July 19, 2016

ROSA NAVAS, an individual; ALFREDO NAVAS, an individual; A.N., a minor, individually and as successor in interest to Sergio Navas and by and throug his mother and Next Friend Christel Emmet; J.N., a minor, individually and as successor in interest to Sergio Navas and by and throug his mother and Next Friend Chistel Emmet; A.N., a minor, individually and as successor in interest to Sergio Navas and by and through her mother and Next Friend Christel Emmet, Plaintiffs,
v.
CITY OF LOS ANGELES, a municipality; BRIAN VAN GORDON, an individual; and DOES 1 through 10, inclusive, Defendants.

          PROTECTIVE ORDER RE: DISCLOSURE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION [CHANGES MADE BY COURT TO PARAGRAPHS 1, 3, 5, 10, 11, 12 AND EXHIBIT A]

          HON. JACQUELINE CHOOLJIAN, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         WHEREAS, Plaintiff is seeking materials and information that Defendant City of Los Angeles (“City”) maintains as confidential, such as personnel files of the police officers involved in this incident, Force Investigation Division materials and information, Internal Affairs materials and information, and other administrative materials and information currently in the possession of the City and which the City believes need special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation;

         WHEREAS, Plaintiff is also seeking official information contained in the personnel files of the involved police officers, LAPD Officers, which the City maintains as strictly confidential and which the City believes need special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation;

         WHEREAS, the City asserts that the confidentiality of the materials and information sought by Plaintiff is recognized by California and federal law, as evidenced inter alia by California Penal Code section 832.7 and Kerr v. United States Dist. Ct. for N.D. Cal., 511 F.2d 192, 198 (9th Cir. 1975), aff'd, 426 U.S. 394 (1976);

         WHEREAS, the City has not publicly released the materials and information referenced above except under protective order or pursuant to court order, if at all;

         WHEREAS, the City contends these materials and information are of the type that has been used to initiate disciplinary action against Los Angeles Police Department (“LAPD”) officers, and has been used as evidence in disciplinary proceedings, where the officers’ conduct was considered to be contrary to LAPD policy;

         WHEREAS, the City contends that absent a protective order delineating the responsibilities of nondisclosure on the part of the parties hereto, there is a specific risk of unnecessary and undue disclosure by one or more of the many attorneys, secretaries, law clerks, paralegals and expert witnesses involved in this case, as well as the corollary risk of embarrassment, harassment and professional and legal harm on the part of the LAPD officers referenced in the materials and information;

         WHEREAS, the City contends that the unfettered disclosure of the materials and information, absent a protective order, would allow the media to share this information with potential jurors in the area, impacting the rights of the City herein to receive a fair trial.

         ORDER ON STIPULATION

         The Court, having found good cause, Orders as follows:

         1. Defendants (hereinafter “Disclosing Party(ies)”) may designate as confidential any personnel files, videos, Internal Affairs materials or any other materials or writing that they, in good faith, believe is protected from disclosure within the meaning of Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c), in that they believe the material contains confidential or private information. Such materials may be classified as subject to this protective order by marking the material, each document or writing with a watermark that includes words such as “Confidential, ” “Confidential Documents, ” “Confidential Material, ” “Subject to Protective Order, ” or words of a similar effect, and that includes the case name and case number. Materials and writings so designated, and all privileged information derived therefrom [hereinafter collectively referred to as “Confidential Material”], shall be treated in accordance with the terms of this Order. In making this designation, the Disclosing Parties are also representing that no portion of the materials is segregable and, therefore, subject to production without restriction as “Confidential.”

         2. Confidential Material may be used by the persons receiving such information [hereinafter “Receiving Party(ies)”] only for the purpose of litigation of this case, and for such other purposes as permitted by law.

         3. This Order applies not only to the Confidential Material, but also to

         (1) any information copied or extracted from the Confidential Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries or compilations of Confidential Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Receiving Parties that might reveal Confidential Material, except testimony, conversations, or presentations during a court hearing ...


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