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DeCombre v. Micone

United States District Court, C.D. California

August 3, 2016

KASTIN DeCOMBRE, Petitioner
v.
JEREMY MICONE, Respondent.

          ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION

          OTIS D. WRIGHT, II UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Petitioner is a prisoner currently incarcerated at a state prison facility in Susanville, California. On August 1, 2016, he filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody (28 U.S.C. § 2254) in this Court.

         The current Petition is directed to the same 2012 Los Angeles County Superior Court judgment of conviction as was a prior habeas petition filed by petitioner in this Court, in Case No. CV 13-09471 ODW (VBK). On August 4, 2014, Judgment was entered in that case, denying the habeas petition and dismissing the action with prejudice.

         The provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214) (“AEDPA”) governing successive petitions apply to all habeas petitions filed after the effective date of the AEDPA on April 24, 1996, without regard to when the conviction was sustained or when the first petition was filed. See Cooper v. Calderon, 274 F.3d 1270, 1272 (9th Cir. 2001); United States v. Villa-Gomez, 208 F.3d 1160, 1163-64 (9th Cir. 2000). Section 106 of the AEDPA, amended as 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b), reads in pertinent part as follows:

         (1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior application shall be dismissed.

         (2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless--

(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or
(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and
(ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.

         (3) (A) Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.

         The Petition now pending constitutes a successive petition challenging the same judgment of conviction as did the habeas petition in Case No. CV 13-09471, which was denied and dismissed with prejudice. See, e.g., McNabb v. Yates, 576 F.3d 1028, 1030 (9th Cir. 2009) (holding that dismissal of a habeas petition as time barred under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1) constitutes a disposition on the merits and renders a subsequent petition second or successive for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)). Thus, to the extent that petitioner now is purporting to again challenge his 2012 state conviction, it was incumbent on him under § 2244(b)(3)(A) to secure an order from the Ninth Circuit authorizing the District Court to consider that claim, prior to his filing of the instant Petition in the District Court. Petitioner has not secured authorization from the Ninth Circuit to file a successive petition. His failure to do so deprives the Court of subject matter jurisdiction. See Cooper, 274 F.3d at 1274.[1]

         IT THEREFORE IS ORDERED that this action be summarily dismissed without prejudice, pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts.

         LET JUDGMENT BE ...


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