Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Haney v. Johnson

United States District Court, E.D. California

March 22, 2017

MONTE L. HANEY, Plaintiff,
v.
S. JOHNSON, et al., Defendants.

          FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

          KENDALL J. NEWMAN UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         Plaintiff is a state prisoner, proceeding without counsel, with a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the court is defendants' motion to revoke plaintiffs in forma pauperis status. (ECFNo. 15.) For the reasons stated herein, the undersigned recommends that defendants' motion be granted.

         Title 28 U.S.C. § 1915 generally permits any court of the United States to authorize the commencement and prosecution of any suit without prepayment of fees by a person who submits an affidavit indicating that the person is unable to pay such fees. However,

[i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

         Defendants argue that plaintiff has incurred seven strikes pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Plaintiff does not appear to dispute these strikes. The undersigned cites three prior strikes herein.

         Case no. 1:07-cv-1222 GMS (E.D. Cal.) was dismissed on July 22, 2007, for failure to state a claim.[1] Case no. 1: 10-cv-2134 LJO BAM (E.D. Cal.) was dismissed on November 16, 2012, for failure to state a claim. Case no. 1: 10-cv-1140 LJO GSA (E.D. Cal.) was dismissed on March 25, 2013, for failure to state a claim.

         In his complaint and opposition to the pending motion, plaintiff argues that he meets the imminent danger exception to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). For the reasons stated herein, the undersigned finds that plaintiff does not meet the requirements of this exception.

         The imminent danger exception to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) applies only if it is clear that the danger existed when the complaint was filed. Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1053 (9th Cir. 2007). Allegations of imminent danger that are overtly speculative or fanciful may be rejected. Id. at 1057 n.11.

         An inmate can meet the imminent danger exception by alleging an ongoing danger. Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1056 (9th Cir. 2007). “The prisoner may meet this requirement by ‘alleg[ing] that prison officials continue with a practice that has injured him or other similarly situated in the past, ' Andrews, 493 F.3d at 1057, or that there is a continuing effect resulting from such a practice.” Williams v. Paramo, 775 F.3d 1182, 1190 (9th Cir. 2015).

         In addition, to meet his burden under § 1915(g), an inmate must provide “specific fact allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or a pattern of misconduct evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical injury.” Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003). “Vague and utterly conclusory assertions” of harm are insufficient. White v. Colorado, 157 F.3d 1226, 1231-32 (10th Cir. 1998). That is, the “imminent danger” exception is available “for genuine emergencies, ” where “time is pressing” and “a threat...is real and proximate.” Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 531 (7th Cir. 2002).

         Plaintiff filed his complaint on May 31, 2016. (ECF No. 1.) At the time plaintiff filed his complaint, he was housed at High Desert State Prison (“HDSP”), where he is still incarcerated. In the complaint, plaintiff alleged that in October 2015 he was housed at California State Prison-Sacramento (“CSP-Sac”). Plaintiff alleged that on October 14, 2015, he was beaten and stabbed by twenty inmates who believed that plaintiff was responsible for the theft of six cell phones. Plaintiff alleged that after the attack, he learned that defendants knew that the attack was going to occur and failed to protect him. Plaintiff alleged that an inmate informant told the defendants that inmates planned to assault plaintiff because of the missing cell phones.

         In his opposition to the pending motion and in his complaint, plaintiff argued that defendants' failure to protect him on October 14, 2015, has caused him to suffer an ongoing threat of serious physical injury. (ECF Nos. 1, 18.) In the complaint, plaintiff alleged that on December 8, 2015, while he was on the transportation bus from CSP-Sac to HDSP, he heard another inmate telling other inmates that plaintiff was beaten and stabbed by other inmates because of the missing cell phones. (ECF No. 1 at 11.) In his opposition, plaintiff made the same allegation. (ECF No. 18 at 3.) Plaintiff alleged that he was constantly threatened at HDSP because inmates there knew that he was accused of taking cell phones from Southern Mexican inmates. (Id. at 4.) Plaintiff also alleged that he heard officials at HDSP say that plaintiff was transferred from CSP-Sac because plaintiff took cell phones from Southern Mexican inmates. (Id.)

         In support of his claim that he met the imminent danger exception, plaintiff alleged that 1) defendants knew that he was going to be attacked by inmates at CSP-Sac for allegedly stealing cell phones and failed to prevent the attack; 2) because of the attack other inmates, including those who were transferred with him from CSP-Sac to HDSP, became aware that he was accused of stealing cell phones; and 3) ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.