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Bell v. Lee

United States District Court, N.D. California

April 10, 2017

KEN LEE, et al., Defendants.



         Plaintiff Vincent Keith Bell brings this civil rights action against several defendants under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The Court previously granted summary judgment for defendants on two of Bell's claims. Dkt. No. 48. His excessive force claim remains. Id. At the March 2, 2017 case management conference, the Court ordered the parties' counsel to meet and confer on several topics. Civil Minutes (Dkt. No. 77). The parties filed a joint statement indicating that some disagreements could not be resolved at the meet and confer session, and subsequently filed the instant statement of discovery disputes pursuant to the Court's standing order. Joint Status Statement (Dkt. No. 82); Joint Statement Regarding Discovery Disputes (Dkt. No. 88). The Court addresses each dispute separately.

         I. Plaintiff's Requests for Production

         A. Prior Incidents Involving Defendants (RFPs 17 and 18)

         Bell requests documents related to any accusations of use of force by defendants against other detainees. Dkt. No. 88, Ex. 1, RFPs 17, 18.[1] Among other assertions, defendants objected that RFPs 17 and 18 call for confidential and privileged information under California Penal Code § 832.7, “the official information privilege, the investigation privilege, and the deliberative process privilege.” Id. However, they now state that they are reviewing and producing excessive force complaints against them for the past five years. Dkt. No. 88 at 2-3. Defendants seek a limiting instruction to produce only those records or, alternatively, request that the Court review in camera relevant materials older than five years to determine whether they must be produced. Id. at 3. Bell argues that the alleged excessive force incident underlying his claim occurred approximately four years ago and that earlier uses of force by defendants are just as relevant as incidents occurring afterward. Id. at 1.

         In accordance with their agreement, defendants are ordered to produce the excessive force complaints against them for the past five years (April, 2012 - April, 2017) forthwith. In addition, the Court ORDERS that all excessive force complaints against defendants predating April, 2012 be provided to the Court for in camera review no later than April 21, 2017.

         B. Identification of Witnesses (RFP 15)

         RFP 15 requests “[a]ny visual or audio recordings of any interview conducted by internal affairs with inmates regarding the incident.” Dkt. No. 88, Ex. 2 at 10. Defendants state that they “will not produce the names of any inmate witnesses or any recording of their interviews, for fear of retaliation by [Bell] or other prisoners, unless ordered to by the Court.” Dkt. No. 88 at 2. Bell argues that he is unable to effectively litigate his case without knowing the identity of the inmates who witnessed the underlying incident, especially because “all jail staff who have testified so far have claimed to have no recollection at all of the incident.” Id. at 1. He also contends that this objection is speculative because defendants have not identified any specific threat. Id. at 2. Bell offered to designate the information as “attorneys'-eyes-only.” Id.

         Although defendants may have legitimate security concerns, they have not proffered any reason why an “attorneys' eyes only” designation would not be sufficient to quell these concerns.Therefore, defendants are ORDERED to produce materials responsive to RFP 15 and to designate such materials as “attorneys' eyes only.” Bell's counsel shall not share with Bell the information contained in the responsive materials, including the identity of the inmate witnesses, without leave of Court.

         C. Camera Locations & Recording Retention Policy (RFPs 12 and 16)

         Bell asserts that defendants produced videos of the incident from three cameras, but “in a recent inspection” Bell's counsel found at least three more cameras in places where the incident occurred. Dkt. No. 88 at 2. Bell now seeks production related to the location of recording devices in place at the time of the incident and defendants' retention policy for recordings. See RFPs 12, 16.[2] Defendants claim that they are still trying to locate documents responsive to RFP 12 and that producing such documents could jeopardize jail security. Dkt. No. 88 at 2. They also claim that there are no documents responsive to RFP 16. Id. Bell responds that defendants' safety concerns are addressed by the protective order. He also asserts that, based on defendants' counsel's prior statements, it is unlikely that there are no materials responsive to RFP 16. Bell argues that defendants should perform a search for materials related to RFP 16 and detail what they did.

         Defendants are ORDERED to produce all materials responsive to RFPs 12 and 16. To the extent that there is a security risk from the disclosure of the location of recording devices four years ago, it is addressed by the parties' protective order. If there are no materials responsive to one or the other of these RFPs, defendants provide a sworn declaration from a person with knowledge of the matter, so stating.

         II. Cabuag Deposition

         Bell seeks a 30 minute continuation of the deposition of Mary Jane Cabuag, a nurse who treated Bell. At the original deposition, Bell's counsel showed Cabuag a photograph that counsel represented was of “Bell being transported into the safety cell” before Cabuag examined him. Dkt. No. 88, Ex. 3 at 61. Bell's counsel asked, “In your opinion, as a nurse, could the manner in which Mr. Bell is being carried in this picture injure his shoulder?” Id. Defendants' counsel objected that the question called for speculation and expert testimony, and instructed Cabuag not to answer. Id. at 62. ...

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