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Adams v. Gastelo

United States District Court, C.D. California

May 23, 2017

RONALD ADAMS, Petitioner,
v.
WARDEN J. GASTELO, Respondent.

          FREDERICK F. MUMM, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING PETITION FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION REFERRING THE PETITION TO THE U.S. COURT OF APPEALS PURSUANT TO NINTH CIRCUIT RULE 22-3(A); DENYING A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY

          MANUEL L. REAL, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         DISMISSAL OF HABEAS PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE

         On or about April 28, 2017, Petitioner Ronald Adams (“Petitioner”) filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody (“Petition”), pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (Dkt. 1.) The Petition challenges a 1981 conviction for committing lewd or lascivious acts with a minor (Cal. Penal Code § 288).

         The Court takes judicial notice of its files with respect to a prior habeas petition (the “Prior Petition”)[1] Petitioner filed in this Court on or about May 5, 2004 (Case No. 04-cv-3190-JVS-AN). The Court notes that the Prior Petition attacked the same conviction as the present Petition. On June 17, 2004, the Prior Petition was dismissed with prejudice as time-barred.

         The pending Petition is governed by the provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214) (“AEDPA”) which became effective April 24, 1996. Section 106 of the AEDPA amended 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) to read, in pertinent part, as follows:

(1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior application shall be dismissed.
(2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless --
(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or
(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and
(ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.
(3)(A) Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.

         The Prior Petition was denied on the ground that it was barred by the one-year period of limitation. A “dismissal of a section 2254 habeas petition for failure to comply with the statute of limitations renders subsequent petitions second or successive for purposes of the AEDPA.” McNabb v. Yates, 576 F.3d 1028, 1030 (9th Cir. 2009). Therefore, because the Petition now pending challenges the same conviction as Petitioner's Prior Petition, it constitutes a second and/or successive petition within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). To the extent Petitioner seeks to pursue the same claims he previously asserted, the Petition is barred by the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). To the extent Petitioner seeks to pursue claims not previously asserted, it was incumbent on him under § 2244(b)(3)(A) to secure an order from the Ninth Circuit authorizing the District Court to consider the Petition, prior to his filing of it in this Court. Petitioner's failure to secure such an order from the Ninth Circuit deprives the Court of subject matter jurisdiction.

         “REFERRAL” OF HABEAS CORPUS ...


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