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Ford v. Natural Health Trends Corp.

United States District Court, C.D. California

June 19, 2017

ROBERT FORD, Individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, Plaintiff,
v.
NATURAL HEALTH TRENDS CORP., CHRIS T. SHARNG, and TIMOTHY S. DAVIDSON, Defendants.

          Nicholas I. Porritt Adam M. Apton Adam C. McCall Levi & Korsinsky LLP Laurence M. Rosen Jonathan Horne The Rosen Law Firm, P.A. Lead Counsel for Co-Lead Plaintiffs.

          Patrick E. Gibbs Angela L. Dunning Blake M. Zollar Cooley LLP Counsel for Defendants.

          STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER STIPULATED ORDER GOVERNING THE PRODUCTION, EXCHANGE, AND FILING OF CONFIDENTIAL MATERIAL

          ALEXANDER F. MACKINNON, U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         1. A. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS

         Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles.

         B. GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT

         This action is likely to involve commercial, financial, legal and/or strategic information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecution of this action is warranted. Such confidential and proprietary materials and information consist of, among other things, legal advice received from counsel concerning compliance with various rules and regulations, business strategy, and proprietary marketing and recruitment practices involved in the operations of Natural Health Trends Corp. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address their handling at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such information is justified in this matter. It is the intent of the parties that information will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so designated without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and there is good cause why it should not be part of the public record of this case.

         C. ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF PROCEDURE FOR FILING UNDER SEAL

         The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information under seal; Local Civil Rule 79-5 sets forth the procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the court to file material under seal.

         2. DEFINITIONS

         2.1 Action: Robert Ford v. Natural Health Trends Corp. et al., Case No. 2:16-cv-00255-TJH-AFM, and Li v. Natural Health Trends Corp. et al., No. 2:06-cv-00309-TJH-FFM.

         2.2 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order.

         2.3 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c), and as specified above in the Good Cause Statement.

         2.4 Counsel: Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff).

         2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as “CONFIDENTIAL.”

         2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter.

         2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in this Action.

         2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this Action. House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside counsel.

         2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action.

         2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party to this Action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this Action and have appeared in this Action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which has appeared on behalf of that party, and includes support staff.

         2.11 Party: any party to this Action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their support staffs).

         2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this Action.

         2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors.

         2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.”

         2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party.

         3. SCOPE

         The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material.

         However, the protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order do not cover the following information: (a) any information that is in the public domain at the time of disclosure to a Receiving Party or becomes part of the public domain after its disclosure to a Receiving Party as a result of publication not involving a violation of this Order, including becoming part of the public record through trial or otherwise; and (b) any information known to the Receiving Party prior to the disclosure or obtained by the Receiving Party after the disclosure from a source who obtained the information lawfully and under no obligation of confidentiality to the Designating Party. Further, nothing in this Order shall prevent or restrict a Designating Party's own disclosure or use of its own Protected Material for any purpose.

         Nothing in this Order shall be construed to prejudice any party's right to use any Protected Material in court or in any court filing with consent of the Designating Party or by order of the Court.

         This Order is without prejudice to the right of any party to seek further or additional protection of any Protected Material or to modify this Order in any way, including, without ...


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