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Cejas v. Paramo

United States District Court, S.D. California

April 4, 2018

ANDREW CEJAS, Plaintiff,
v.
DANIEL PARAMO, et al., Defendants.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S UNOPPOSED MOTION TO AMEND [ECF NO. 53]

          HON. WILLIAM V. GALLO, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         Presently before the Court is Plaintiff Andrew Cejas's unopposed Motion for Leave to Amend his Complaint. (ECF No. 53.) For the reasons that follow, the Court RECOMMENDS Plaintiff's unopposed Motion be GRANTED.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff filed a Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on August 15, 2014. (ECF No. 1.) On October 4, 2016, Defendants D. Jaime, D. Paramo, S. Rutledge, and D. Strayhorn moved to dismiss Plaintiff's claims against Paramo and Jaime. (ECF No. 17.) On September 1, 2017, the Court granted Defendants' motion to dismiss claims against Paramo and Jaime. (ECF No. 42.) Defendants filed an Answer to Plaintiff's remaining claims on November 8, 2017. (ECF No. 43.)

         On March 9, 2018, Plaintiff moved for leave to file an amended complaint. (ECF No. 53.) Defendants did not file a response in opposition to the motion.

         II. LEGAL STANDARD

         Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure (“Rule”) 15(a), leave to amend a complaint after a responsive pleading has been filed may be allowed by leave of court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(2). Such amendments “shall be freely given when justice so requires.” Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962). “This policy is to be applied with extreme liberality.” Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2003). “Since Rule 15 favors a liberal policy towards amendment, the nonmoving party bears the burden of demonstrating why leave to amend should not be granted.” Genentech, Inc. v. Abbot Laboratories, 127 F.R.D. 529, 530-31 (N.D. Cal. 1989) (citing Senza-Gel Corp. v. Seiffhart, 803 F.2d 661, 666 (9th Cir. 1986) (“the nonmovent bears the burden of showing why amendment should not be granted”).

         When determining whether to grant leave to amend, courts weigh certain factors: “undue delay, bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of [the party who wishes to amend a pleading], repeated failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the amendment, [and] futility of amendment [.]” Foman, 371 U.S. at 182. “Not all of the factors merit equal weight.” Eminence Capital, LLC, 316 F.3d at 1052. For example, “delay alone cannot justify denial of leave to amend.” Genentech, Inc., 127 F.R.D. at 530 (N.D. Cal. 1989) (citing DCD Programs v. Leighton, 833 F.2d 183, 186 (9th Cir. 1987); see also Kendrick v. County of San Diego, Case No. 15-CV-2615-GPC(RBB), 2017 WL 2692903, at *5 (S.D. Cal 2017).

         III. ANALYSIS

         Here, Plaintiff waited over three and a half years between the filing of his Complaint and his request to file an amended complaint. Plaintiff has offered no reasoning for such a delay other than claiming he has been on lock down “for months.” (ECF No. 53.) To call this undue delay would be an understatement. However, “delay alone cannot justify denial of leave to amend.” Genentech, Inc., 127 F.R.D. at 530 (N.D. Cal. 1989).

         When examining the remaining Foman factors, the Court finds that leave to amend is appropriate. This is Plaintiffs first request to amend, thus he has not failed to cure deficiencies in previous amendments. Additionally, Defendants have failed to show, through their lack of an opposition, that Plaintiff is moving to amend in bad faith or that Defendants will suffer undue prejudice by allowing the amendment.

         Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS the Motion be GRANTED and Plaintiff be allowed leave to file an amended complaint.

         IV. CONCLUSION

         For the reasons set forth above, it is RECOMMENDED that Plaintiffs Motion to file an amended complaint be GRANTED. This Report and Recommendation will be submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to this case, pursuant to the ...


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