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Zuckswert v. Saul

United States District Court, E.D. California

July 15, 2019

ANDREW M. SAUL, Commissioner Social Security,



         Plaintiff sought judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”), denying her application for disability benefits under the Social Security Act (“the Act”). On September 26, 2018, the court granted plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, denied the Commissioner's cross-motion for summary judgment, and remanded the action to the Commissioner for an immediate award benefits. ECF No. 28.

         Now pending before the court is plaintiff's May 9, 2019 motion for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). ECF No. 36. On June 5, 2019, defendant filed a response to the motion asserting that he “is not in a position to either assent or object” to the fee request, but suggesting that the amount requested is unreasonably high. ECF No. 39 at 2-4. For the reasons set forth below, the motion will be granted.


         At the outset of the representation, plaintiff and her counsel entered into a contingent-fee agreement, wherein plaintiff agreed to pay counsel 25% of any award of past-due benefits. ECF No. 36.1 at 1. Plaintiff's counsel now seeks attorney's fees in the amount of $26, 360.00, representing that plaintiff has been awarded $105, 440.00 in past-due supplemental security income benefits.[1] ECF No. 36 at 5. Counsel avers that he and a non-attorney legal assistant/law clerk spent a total of 59.3 hours on this case in federal court. Id. at 8; see also ECF No. 32 at 1-2. Billing records attached to the motion reflect that counsel worked 34.3 hours and his clerk worked 25 hours. ECF No. 36.3.

         Attorneys are entitled to fees for cases in which they have successfully represented social security claimants:

Whenever a court renders a judgment favorable to a claimant under this subchapter who was represented before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment, and the Commissioner of Social Security may . . . certify the amount of such fee for payment to such attorney out of, and not in addition to, the amount of such past-due benefits.

42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A). “In contrast to fees awarded under fee-shifting provisions such as 42 U.S.C. § 1988, the fee is paid by the claimant out of the past-due benefits awarded; the losing party is not responsible for payment.” Crawford v. Astrue, 586 F.3d 1142, 1147 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc) (citing Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 802 (2002)). The goal of fee awards under § 406(b) is “to protect claimants against ‘inordinately large fees' and also to ensure that attorneys representing successful claimants would not risk ‘nonpayment of [appropriate] fees.'” Parrish v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. Admin., 698 F.3d 1215, 1217 (9th Cir. 2012) (quoting Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 805).

         The 25% statutory maximum fee is not an automatic entitlement, and the court must ensure that the fee requested is reasonable. Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808-09 (“406(b) does not displace contingent-fee agreements within the statutory ceiling; instead, § 406(b) instructs courts to review for reasonableness fees yielded by those agreements”). “Within the 25 percent boundary . . . the attorney for the successful claimant must show that the fee sought is reasonable for the services rendered.” Id. at 807. “[A] district court charged with determining a reasonable fee award under § 406(b)(1)(A) must respect ‘the primacy of lawful attorney-client fee arrangements,' ‘looking first to the contingent-fee agreement, then testing it for reasonableness.'” Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1149 (quoting Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 793, 808).

         In determining whether the requested fee is reasonable, the court considers “‘the character of the representation and the results achieved by the representative.'” Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1151 (quoting Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808). In determining whether a reduction in the fee is warranted, the court considers whether the attorney provided “substandard representation or delayed the case, ” or obtained “benefits that are not in proportion to the time spent on the case.” Id. Finally, the court considers the attorney's record of hours worked and counsel's regular hourly billing charge for non-contingent cases. Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1151-52 (citing Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808); see also E.D. Cal. R. 293(c)(1) (in fixing attorney's fees the court considers “the time and labor required”). Below, the court will consider these factors in assessing whether the fee requested by counsel in this case pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) is reasonable.

         Here, plaintiff's counsel is an experienced attorney who secured a successful result for plaintiff. See ECF No. 36 at 5. There is no indication that a reduction of fees is warranted due to any substandard performance by counsel. There is also no evidence that plaintiff's counsel engaged in any dilatory conduct resulting in excessive delay. Finally, counsel requests the full 25% contingent fee agreed to at the outset, which the court finds not excessive in relation to the benefits awarded. Counsel's effective hourly rate equates to about $768 per hour when only counsel's hours are credited ($26, 360 / 34.3), or about $444 per hour ($26, 360 / 59.3) when both counsel and his law clerk's hours are credited. Under either calculation, courts in this district have found reasonable greater effective hourly rates in social security contingency fee arrangements. See Lovejoy v. Berryhill, No. 1:15-CV-00360-SKO, 2018 WL 3629922, at *3 (E.D. Cal. July 27, 2018) (effective hourly rate of $1, 263.63 for 19.8 hours of work, including paralegal hours); Thomas v. Colvin, No. 1:11-cv-01291-SKO, 2015 WL 1529331, at *2-3 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 3, 2015) (effective hourly rate of $1, 093.22 for 40.8 hours of work); Jamieson v. Astrue, No. 1:09-CV-0490 LJO DLB, 2011 WL 587096, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Feb. 9, 2011) (effective hourly rate of $1, 169.49 for 29.5 hours of work); see also Villa v. Astrue, No. CIV-S-06-0846 GGH, 2010 WL 118454, at *1-2 (E.D. Cal. 2010) (noting that “[r]educing § 406(b) fees after Crawford is a dicey business”).

         Thus, although counsel's typical hourly rate is $400-$450 in non-contingency cases (ECF No. 37 at 2), the court does not find reason to reduce the fee requested in this case. In making this determination, the court recognizes the contingent fee nature of this case and counsel's assumption of the risk of going uncompensated in agreeing to represent plaintiff on such terms. See Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1152 (“[t]he attorneys assumed significant risk in accepting these cases, including the risk that no benefits would be awarded or that there would be a long court or administrative delay in resolving the cases”). Finally, counsel has submitted a detailed billing statement in support of the requested fee. ECF No. 36.3.

         Accordingly, for the reasons stated above, the court concludes that the fees sought by counsel pursuant ...

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