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Young v. United States

United States District Court, S.D. California

September 4, 2019

TIMOTHY DOYLE YOUNG, BOP #60012-001, Plaintiff,
v.
UNITED STATES, Defendant.

          ORDER DISMISSING CIVIL ACTION FOR LACK OF PROPER VENUE PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1391(B) AND 28 U.S.C. § 1406(A) AND FOR FAILURE TO PAY FILING FEES REQUIRED BY 28 U.S.C. § 1914(A)

          HON. GONZALO P. CURIEL UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Timothy Doyle Young (“Plaintiff”), currently incarcerated at the U.S. Penitentiary Max ADX in Florence, Colorado, and proceeding pro se, has filed a civil complaint in this Court against the United States. See Compl., ECF No. 1.

         Plaintiff claims the Federal Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”), unidentified BOP employees at USP Max ADX, the Department of Justice, United States Judges and Magistrate Judges in the District of Colorado, the Tenth and D.C. Circuit Courts of Appeals, Chief Justice John Roberts, and the General Counsel and Clerk of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, have all prevented his access to court as the result of a criminal conspiracy against him. See Compl., ECF No. 1 at 1, 3-9.

         Plaintiff has not paid the $400 civil and administrative filing fee required by 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a), nor has he filed a Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (IFP) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1).

         I. Failure to Pay Filing Fee or Request IFP Status

         All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of $400. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a).[1] An action may proceed despite a plaintiff's failure to prepay the entire fee only if he is granted leave to proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1051 (9th Cir. 2007); Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999).

         Plaintiff has not prepaid the $400 in filing and administrative fees required to commence this civil action and he has not filed a Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1) and (2). In fact, Plaintiff is no longer entitled to IFP status due to his abusive litigation history in federal district courts across the country. See Young v. United States, 88 Fed.Cl. 283, 290-291, 293 (2009) (reviewing Plaintiff's “repetitive, ” “frivolous” and “malicious” filings and directing the Clerk of Court to screen future submissions because “Mr. Young has made himself an example of the type of plaintiff Congress was trying to address when it enacted the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1915[(g)].”); see also Young v. U.S. Attorney Gen., No. 19-CV-03373-WHO (PR), 2019 WL 2996382, at *1 (N.D. Cal. July 9, 2019) (“Plaintiff also maliciously and purposely has filed actions in other federal courts knowing, as demonstrated in the cited cases below, that venue is not proper.”) (citations omitted). Therefore, his case cannot yet proceed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a); Andrews, 493 F.3d at 1051.

         II. Venue

         Upon initial review, this Court, like many others, also finds Plaintiff's case lacks proper venue. Venue may be raised by a court sua sponte where the defendant has not yet filed a responsive pleading and the time for doing so has not run. Costlow v. Weeks, 790 F.2d 1486, 1488 (9th Cir. 1986).

         Section 1391(b) of Title 28 of the U.S. Code provides, in pertinent part, that a “civil action may be brought in-(1) a judicial district in which any defendant resides, if all defendants are residents of the State in which the district is located; [or] (2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred, or a substantial part of property that is the subject of the action is situated[.]” 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b); Costlow, 790 F.2d at 1488; Decker Coal Co. v. Commonwealth Edison Co., 805 F.2d 834, 842 (9th Cir. 1986). “The district court of a district in which is filed a case laying venue in the wrong division or district shall dismiss, or if it be in the interests of justice, transfer such case to any district or division in which it could have been brought.” 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a).

         Plaintiff alleges constitutional violations committed by various federal actors and entities based on allegations that they have criminally conspired to block his access to courts from USP Florence ADMAX, an administrative security federal penitentiary, located in Colorado. See Compl., ECF No. 1 at 1-2; 28 U.S.C. § 85 (“Colorado constitutes one judicial district.”). No defendants are alleged to reside in, and no act or omission giving rise to Plaintiff's injuries is alleged to have occurred in either San Diego or Imperial County. See 28 U.S.C. § 84(d) (“The Southern District of California comprises the counties of Imperial and San Diego.”).

         Therefore, venue properly lies in the District of Colorado pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 85, but not in the Southern District of California pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 84(d). See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b); Costlow, 790 F.2d at 1488.

         III. Conclusion and Order

         Accordingly, the Court DISMISSES this action sua sponte without prejudice based on Plaintiffs failure to pay the $400 filing fee required by 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a), his failure to file a Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), and for ...


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