Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Martinez v. F. Rojas

United States District Court, E.D. California

September 13, 2019

ANTONIO MARTINEZ, Plaintiff,
v.
F. ROJAS, et al. Defendants.

          FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS DEFENDANT OFFICER DOE # 3 FOR FAILURE TO SERVE WITH PROCESS (ECF NO. 51)

          BARBARA A. McAULIFFE, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         I. Introduction

         Plaintiff Antonio Martinez is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action currently proceeds against Registered Nurse F. Rojas and Officer Doe # 3 for deliberate indifference in violation of the Eighth Amendment. (ECF No. 24.) Officer Doe # 3 is described in Plaintiff's second amended complaint as a receiving and release officer employed at Pleasant Valley State Prison on May 16, 2016. (ECF No. 22, at 3, 9.)

         On October 24, 2018, the Court issued an order advising Plaintiff on his duty to identify Officer Doe #3 for service of process, with information and the applicable rules as guidance. (ECF No. 29.) In addition, the Court ordered Plaintiff to provide, within forty-five (45) days, a motion for leave to amend his pleading to substitute the identify of Officer Doe #3, or a request to obtain the information necessary to identify Officer Doe #3. (Id. at 3-4.) That deadline passed, and Plaintiff did not comply with the Court's order or otherwise communicate with the Court.

         On December 27, 2018, the Court issued an order directing Plaintiff to, within fourteen (14) days from the date of service of the order, either file a motion for leave to amend his pleading to substitute the identify of Officer Doe # 3, file a request to obtain the information necessary to identify Officer Doe # 3, or show cause in writing why Officer Doe # 3 should not be dismissed from the action. (ECF No. 32.) After Plaintiff failed to comply with the Court's order, on January 23, 2019, the Court issued findings and recommendations recommending that Officer Doe # 3 be dismissed, without prejudice, for the failure to serve with process pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m). (ECF No. 33.) On February 19, 2019, Plaintiff filed objections to the January 23, 2019 findings and recommendations and a motion for leave to file late objections for good cause. (Doc. Nos. 37, 38.)

         On July 2, 2019, the Court issued an order denying as moot Plaintiff's leave to file late objections, vacating the January 23, 2019 findings and recommendations, and denying, without prejudice, Plaintiff's request for a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45 subpoena. (ECF No. 51.) The Court ordered Plaintiff to file, within forty-five days from the date of service of the order, either a motion for leave to amend his second amended complaint to substitute the identity of Officer Doe # 3 or a renewed motion for a Rule 45 subpoena to obtain the information necessary to identify Officer Doe # 3. (Id. at 8.) Finally, Plaintiff was expressly warned that his failure to comply with the Court's order would result in a recommendation to the District Judge to dismiss Officer Doe # 3 from this action. (Id.)

         More than forty-five days have passed since the Court's July 2, 2019 order was served, and Plaintiff has not complied with the Court's order or otherwise communicated with the Court.

         II. Discussion

         Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m):

If a defendant is not served within 90 days after the complaint is filed, the court- on motion or on its own after notice to the plaintiff-must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time. But if the plaintiff shows good cause for the failure, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period.

         Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m). In cases involving a plaintiff proceeding in forma pauperis, a United States Marshal, upon order of the court, shall serve the summons and the complaint. Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(c)(3). “[A] prisoner ‘is entitled to rely on the U.S. Marshal for service' . . . as long as he or she ‘provide[s] the necessary information to help effectuate service' a prisoner ‘should not be penalized by having his or her action dismissed … where the U.S. Marshal … has failed to perform the duties required of … them[.]” Schrubb v. Lopez, 617 Fed.Appx. 832, 832 (9th Cir. 2015) (quoting Puett v. Blandford, 912 F.2d 270, 275 (9th Cir. 1990), abrogated on other grounds by Sandin v. Connor, 515 U.S. 472 (1995)). However, where a pro se plaintiff fails to provide the Marshal with accurate and sufficient information to effect service of the summons and complaint, the Court's sua sponte dismissal of the unserved defendants is appropriate. Walker v. Summer, 14 F.3d 1415, 1421-22 (9th Cir. 1994), overruled on other grounds by Sandin, 515 U.S. at 483-84.

         Although a claim against a Doe defendant may be sufficient to survive screening, the Doe defendant must be identified and served with a summons and complaint in order for an action to proceed against that party. This cannot be done without Plaintiff's cooperation. Here, Plaintiff has been granted multiple opportunities to provide sufficient information to identify Defendant Officer Doe # 3, so that the United States Marshal may serve the summons and complaint on them. However, Plaintiff has failed to identify Defendant Officer Doe # 3 or file a motion for a Rule 45 subpoena so that he can obtain the information necessary to identify Officer Doe # 3, despite repeated warnings that failure to do so would result in the dismissal of Officer Doe # 3. In addition, Plaintiff has failed to set forth any explanation demonstrating good cause for his failure to identify Defendant Officer Doe # 3.

         III. Recommendation

         Accordingly, the Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that Defendant Officer Doe # 3 be dismissed for the failure to serve with process, without ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.