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Martinez v. Frauenheim

United States District Court, N.D. California, San Francisco Division

October 23, 2019

ANTONIO M. MARTINEZ, Petitioner,
v.
SCOTT FRAUENHEIM, Respondent.

          ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE: ECF NO. 1

          LAUREL BEELER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         INTRODUCTION

         Antonio M. Martinez, an inmate at the Pleasant Valley State Prison, filed this pro se action seeking a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. He consented to proceed before a magistrate judge. (ECF No. 3.)[1] His petition is now before the court for review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243 and Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts. This order requires the respondent to respond to the petition and grants Mr. Martinez's in forma pauperis application.

         STATEMENT

         Mr. Martinez provides the following information in his petition: After a jury trial in Monterey County Superior Court, Mr. Martinez was convicted of first degree murder and was found to have personally discharged a firearm in the commission of the offense. He was sentenced in 2015 to 50 years to life in prison.

         He appealed. The California Court of Appeal affirmed Mr. Martinez's conviction and the California Supreme Court denied his petition for review. He also filed unsuccessful petitions for writ of habeas corpus in the state courts. He then filed this action.

         ANALYSIS

         This court may entertain a petition for writ of habeas corpus “in behalf of a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a). A district court considering an application for a writ of habeas corpus shall “award the writ or issue an order directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or person detained is not entitled thereto.” 28 U.S.C. § 2243.

         The federal petition for writ of habeas corpus alleges the following claims. First, Mr. Martinez alleges that he received ineffective assistance of trial counsel in that counsel made the sixteen mistakes described in the petition. (ECF No. 1 at 5-8.) Second, Mr. Martinez alleges that the cumulative effect of the errors at his trial warrants habeas relief. (Id. at 8.) Third, he alleges that his right to due process was violated due to the prosecutorial misconduct that consisted of introducing false testimony, suppressing material favorable evidence, and misleading the jury during closing argument. (Id. at 9.) Liberally construed, these claims are cognizable in a federal habeas action and warrant a response.

         CONCLUSION

         For the foregoing reasons, 1. The petition warrants a response.

         2. The clerk shall serve by mail a copy of this order and the petition upon the respondent and the respondent's attorney, the Attorney General of the State of California. The clerk shall also serve a copy of this order on the petitioner.

         3. The clerk also shall serve a copy of the “consent or declination to magistrate judge jurisdiction” form upon the respondent and the respondent's attorney, the Attorney General of the State of California.

         4. The respondent must file and serve upon the petitioner, on or before December 20, 2019, an answer conforming in all respects to Rule 5 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, showing cause why a writ of habeas corpus should not be issued. The respondent must file with the answer a copy of all portions of the court proceedings that have been ...


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